Sailing Instructions

Competitors must at all times keep clear of Commercial Shipping

DEFINITION

Throughout these Sailing Instructions, and in Club Rule 25, the word “boat” covers dinghies, sailboards, keelboats and catamarans.

1. ENTRANTS

Any boat with a valid class certificate and covered by third party insurance (Rule 25) may be sailed by a member of the club in races for its class. (Points will be awarded to the helmsman and not the boat). Visitors are not eligible for club trophies other than at open meetings.

2. CONDITIONS

Races will take place under the current Racing Rules of Sailing, the prescriptions of the RYA, these Sailing Instructions and the appropriate Class Rules. Valid buoyancy and measurement certificates, together with proof of insurance must be available to any Officer of the Club on demand. All boats shall carry their registered sail numbers, unless prior permission has been obtained from the Race Officer. The Sailing Committee accepts no responsibility for incorrect results caused by a change of sails.

3. SAFETY

The entire management of a boat and the safety of the boat and crew shall be the sole and inescapable responsibility of the helmsman. Members are expected to be capable of self-rescue at all times. It is the responsibility of those sailing to ensure that their craft is seaworthy and has adequate safety equipment. The onus of decision on whether to go to sea, to start or to continue to race remains with the helmsman. The Sailing Committee reserves the right to require a buoyancy test if they consider buoyancy may be inadequate.

Adequate personal buoyancy shall be worn at all times while afloat. Inflatable life jackets shall be inflated unless fitted with an automatic inflation device. Wet or dry suits are not considered adequate personal buoyancy. The Sailing Committee advises that each dinghy should carry a paddle.

4. FAIRWAY SAFETY

Commercial shipping in the Fairway must not be obstructed under any circumstances whatsoever. Instructions from a safety boat, including a South Shields or a Red Seal safety boat must be obeyed at all times. A flag F (red diamond on white flag) displayed by a safety boat means that boats must keep clear of the fairway and not pass in front of an approaching ship. Failure to do so shall result in disqualification by the Race Committee.

If one competitor alters course to pass astern of a commercial vessel, all following competitors shall do likewise. Any competitor not observing this instruction may be disqualified by the Race Committee or after protest by another competitor. Flagrant or repeated conduct of this nature may be regarded as constituting misbehaviour under Club Rule 31 and the appropriate penalties under that rule applied.

5. RACE START TIMES

Unless specified in the Club’s Race Programme, the first race each Sunday will start at 2.00pm prompt with the second race to follow.

All Wednesday Races will start at 7.00pm; except during the ‘Sunup-Sundown’ series at the beginning and end of the summer season, for which start times are specified in the program. It is the responsibility of the Race Officer to determine if racing will take place. It is particularly important on Wednesdays to confirm in good time to TSC and SSSC that racing will start on time.

6. RETIREMENTS

A competitor retiring from a race should, if possible, attempt to inform either the Committee Boat or any safety boat. Members should be aware that the safety boats will remain afloat until boats are accounted for.

7. COURSES

Harbour Courses will be shown on a board near the stern of the committee boat. The first letter (or number) of each mark will be displayed in the order they must be rounded. Each letter (or number) will be displayed in either red (port) or green (starboard) on a white background indicating the side on which they should be left. The number of laps will be 6 unless shortened at a turning mark. A  chart showing the approximate position of each mark is published in the TSC Club Yearbook and shown on the notice board in the clubhouse. If any mark is not in its usual position, boats should round the mark laid in its place under RRS 34

Sea Courses The course number to be sailed will be displayed on a course board at the stern of the Committee Boat prior to the warning signal. The course number on display will refer to the course diagram in Appendix A to these instructions. It may become necessary to ‘reverse’ the course. Therefore the course number will be displayed in either red (port) or green (starboard) on a white background indicating a port or starboard hand course. All turning marks to be left to port on a port hand course. All turning marks to be left to starboard on a starboard hand course.

8.STARTING SIGNALS & SEQUENCE

All races will be started in accordance with RRS 26 (ie: 5min,4min,1min,Start)

Except for the annual ‘Long Race’ all Sunday races will have one start to include all competitors, displaying ‘IC Numeral 8’ (white pennant with red cross) as the warning signal.

On Wednesday Evenings there will be two consecutive starts. The first start will be for the Enterprise and Laser Classes  using Flag E (blue and red flag) at the Warning Signal. The second start shall be for the ‘Handicap’ Class using IC Numeral 8 (white pennant with red cross) at the Warning Signal. Competitors must keep clear of the starting line when other classes are starting, but note that the Race Officer may elect to start classes concurrently if fleets are small.

9. GENERAL RECALL

In the event of General Recall under RRS 29.2, any class scheduled to start from the same line after the general recall will start as advertised, and the offending class shall “go to the end of the queue”. If no other class is starting, the new Warning Signal will be 1 minute after the First Substitute is removed, unless a postponement is signalled.

10. POSTPONEMENT

The Answering Pennant flown alone indicates an indefinite postponement. The postponement signal will be accompanied by two sound signals. A single sound signal will be made when the flag is lowered, and the starting sequence will begin 1 minute later.

11. TIME LIMIT

With the exceptions of the Long Race and the Blaydon Race, the time limit for the first boat in each class shall be two hours. Boats not finishing within half an hour of the first boat will be recorded as DNF.

12. STARTING LINE

The Starting line will be between the main mast of the committee boat and a nearby starting mark which may also become a mark of the course. The Starting line may become a ‘gate’ within the course.

13. FINISHING

The finishing line will be between the mast on the Committee Boat and the adjacent mark of the course, and shall be crossed in the direction of the course from the previous mark.

14. PROTESTS

RRS 60 and RRS 61 shall apply to all races. Protest forms are available in the Clubhouse. The time limit(s) under RRS 61.3 shall be:

Sunday (1st Race):    2 hours after last boat finishes.

Sunday (2nd Race):   1 hour after last boat finishes.

Wednesday Evening Race:  1 hour after last boat finishes.

A protest committee will be convened by a Committee member as soon as possible after a protest is lodged; however it may not always be possible to arrange a hearing on the same day. After the hearing, either party may appeal to the Sailing Committee, which will review the decision and, if necessary reopen the hearing at the earliest opportunity. For the purpose of this rule, two members of the Sailing Committee shall form a quorum, with the power to co-opt.

15.PROTEST ALTERNATIVES

The Advisory Hearing, Exoneration Penalty and RYA Arbitration procedures of the RYA Rules Disputes Procedures may also be available for club races.

16.ADVISORY HEARING

When there is an incident that will not result in the lodging of a protest or a request for redress, a boat, protest committee or race committee may request an advisory hearing, and notify any boat involved in the incident. An adviser will then call a hearing to learn what may have happened and will state whether any rule appears to have been broken, and by which boat. A boat may as a result notify the race office that she accepts an Exoneration Penalty when it applies to the incident, or choose to retire.

17 ARBITRATION

1. When a protest or request for redress is lodged, a boat may at the same time request RYA Arbitration, or the protest committee or race committee may offer it.

2. If the parties and a member of the protest or race committee agree that RYA Arbitration is suitable, an arbitrator (who may be a member of the protest committee) will call a hearing conforming to Section B of Part 5 of the Racing Rules of Sailing, except that the first sentence of rule 64.1 will not apply. Instead, when the arbitrator decides that a boat that is a party to the arbitration hearing has broken a rule for which the Exoneration Penalty is available, the party will be invited to accept that penalty, and, if it is accepted by a protested boat, the protesting boat will be allowed to withdraw the protest, changing rule 63.1.

3. When there is not an agreement to use RYA Arbitration, or when, after RYA Arbitration, a protest is not withdrawn or the Exoneration Penalty is not applicable to the facts, there will be a normal protest hearing, at which the arbitrator may be a member of the protest committee. Rules 66 and 70 (reopening and appeal, respectively) do not apply to the arbitration decision since this is not a protest committee decision or procedure. A boat may still accept an Exoneration Penalty at any time before the start of a protest hearing and receive its protection from further penalization. She may also retire.

4. When redress is offered and not accepted, or not offered at all, all parties the protest committee or race committee may seek to have this reviewed by asking for a full hearing. When redress is offered and not accepted, or not offered at all, all parties may ask for the request to be heard before a protest committee

18.EXONERATION

Exoneration Penalty

(a) A boat that may have broken a rule of Part 2, or rule 31 or 42, may, after finishing the race concerned and before the start of a related protest hearing, notify the race committee that she accepts a 20% scoring penalty as stated in rule 44.3(c), (except that the minimum penalty is two places if that does not result in a score worse than DNF). This penalty does not reverse an OCS score, a disqualification under rule 30.3 or a penalty under Appendix P. It is not available for a breach of rule 2 or of class rules or for gross misconduct under rule 69. Nor is it available to a boat that caused injury or serious damage, or gained a significant advantage by her breach: in these circumstances, her penalty is to retire.

(b)When an Exoneration Penalty is accepted:

(i) Neither the boat nor a protest committee may then revoke or remove the penalty.

(ii)The boat shall not be penalized further in a protest hearing when the protest committee decides that it was appropriate to the facts found and the applicable rules.

19. SCORING

Scoring systems, and the allocation of points, shall be as defined by each class.

20. RESULTS

To facilitate the results of Wednesday racing being effectively known by both TSC and SSSC, the Race Officer shall complete the approved race results sheet recording all lap times  and ensure it is passed to the officials of both clubs at the end of racing. The safety boat(s) can be used to hand over results on the water. Race result sheets are available by request to the Sailing Secretary.